Journée mondiale contre le travail des enfants

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C'est en 2002 que l’Organisation internationale du Travail (OIT) a lancé la première Journée mondiale contre le travail des enfants. Le 12 juin 2012 marque donc le 10e anniversaire de cette Journée dont l’objectif est de « servir de catalyseur au mouvement mondial contre le travail des enfants ».

 En 2010, à l'occasion de la Conférence mondiale sur le travail des enfants, la communauté internationale a adopté une Feuille de route en vue de l’élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants d’ici 2016. La Journée mondiale de 2012 doit mettre l’accent sur le chemin qui reste à parcourir pour faire de la Feuille de route une réalité.

Pour l'heure, selon les récentes estimations globales de l’OIT , 215 millions d’enfants travaillent dans le monde, et plus de la moitié sont impliqués dans les pires formes de travail des enfants. 

Malgré le nombre important de ratifications des conventions no 138  de l'OIT sur l’âge minimum à l’emploi (1) et no 182 sur les pires formes de travail des enfants (1), les progrès dans la réduction du travail des enfants ont souvent été mis à mal par l’incapacité à traduire les engagements dans la pratique. 

Source : http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Campaignandadvocacy/wdacl/2012/lang--fr/index.htm

(1) La Convention de l’OIT nº 138 sur l’âge minimum, 1973, impose aux États membres d’établir dans leur législation un âge minimum d’admission à l’emploi qui ne devra pas être inférieur à l’âge auquel cesse la scolarité obligatoire, ni en tout cas à 15 ans.

(2) La Convention de l’OIT nº 182 sur les pires formes de travail des enfants, 1999, appelle à prendre «des mesures immédiates et efficaces pour assurer l'interdiction et l'élimination des pires formes de travail des enfants et ce, de toute urgence».